Since there are also combinations of waves you need to pay close attention to the C wave. However, there are cases where the wedge is expanding though it is rare. 

Now, these corrective waves have 4 different patterns:

Types of Motive Waves 

Identifying Elliott Wave Patterns Labeling Wave Degrees Before one can begin to identify the types of patterns Elliott discovered, and the rules that govern them, it is a good idea to first learn about the labeling of wave degrees.

At this point, the market is just too exhausted. It often occurs after a particularly strong third wave, although there is also a chance that sentiment, for whatever reason, has become so strong in the opposite direction of the trend that a Wave 5 will not terminate beyond the price of Wave 3.

Diagonal Waves A Diagonal Wave is the second type of motive wave. It is not an impulse wave. However, like all motive waves, its goal is to move the market in the direction of the trend. Also, like all motive waves, it consists of five sub-waves. The difference is that the diagonal looks like a wedge - either expanding or contracting.

Also, the sub-waves of the diagonal may not have a count of five, depending on what type of diagonal is being observed. This is explained below. As with the motive wave, each actionary sub-wave of the diagonal never fully retraces the previous actionary sub-wave, and sub-wave 3 of the diagonal may not be the shortest wave. Ending Diagonals The ending diagonal is a special type of wave that occurs in Wave 5 of an impulse, or the last wave of a correction pattern - Wave C of an A, B, C correction.

This wave often occurs when the preceding move of the trend has gone too far, too fast and has run out of steam. In all cases, they are found at the end of the higher degree motive or corrective wave. This wave pattern indicates the termination of the previous trend of one higher degree. The wave-structure of an ending diagonal is different from the impulse wave. Where the impulse wave had a general structure count of , the ending diagonal has a structure count of All five of the waves of an ending diagonal break down to only three waves each, indicating exhaustion of the larger degree trend.

Also, Wave 2 and Wave 4 may overlap each other. Most ending diagonals have a wedge shape to them where they fit within two converging lines. However, there are cases where the wedge is expanding though it is rare. Please keep in mind that the sub-waves of the ending diagonal, consisting of three waves each, are corrective in nature. See the section on corrective waves for more detail on their formation. Leading Diagonals Leading diagonals are rare, and are found in either the Wave 1 position of an impulse wave, or in the Wave A position of a zigzag correction.

They have a wave structure like an impulse, but in this case, Wave 2 and Wave 4 overlap, and they form a wedge pattern with converging boundary lines. Because of the five-wave subdivisions of Waves 1, 3, and 5, this pattern indicates continuation of the trend where the ending diagonal pattern of indicates termination of the trend.

After the market corrects - and does not correct beyond the beginning of the leading diagonal - one can expect the trend to continue in the direction of the leading diagonal. Types of Corrective Waves When markets move against the trend of one higher degree, they do so with an apparent struggle.

This resistance prevents the pattern that forms from developing a motive type of structure, and the patterns that form are more varied than in the motive wave type. An analyst must exercise patience and flexibility when dealing with corrective waves. The sharp corrections move steeply against the trend of one higher degree and the sideways correction appears to form a flat type of structure that often goes back to the price of where it began before ending the correction.

More details on these are given below, broken down into four main categories. Please keep in mind that although corrections are often seen as declining in price, the reality is that the market can correct up or down, depending on the trend of higher degree. The sub-wave sequence is We have seen this above in our expanded corrective wave pattern. The A and C waves are motive waves with 5 sub-waves , while the B wave is corrective often with 3 sub-waves.

The zigzag is known to form a sharp style of correction, and in an impulse wave, usually shows up in the second wave position. Zigzags may also form in combination and form what is called a double zigzag or even a triple zigzag, where two or three zigzags form connected by another corrective wave between them.

More detail on the rules for these are given below when we talk about combination corrections. Flat Corrections The flat correction is another three-wave correction where the sub-waves form a structure. Like the zigzag, it is also labeled as an A-B-C structure.

In this case, both Waves A and B are of the corrective variety and Wave C is motive with 5 sub-waves. Within an impulse wave, the fourth wave often has a flat while the second wave rarely does. Most flats, however, don't look as neat as this.

They are variations on the theme. A flat that has the B wave terminate beyond the start of the A wave and the C wave terminate beyond the start of the B wave is called an expanded flat. This is actually more common in markets than the normal flat shown above. A running flat, which often occurs in strong trends of one higher degree, will have Wave B terminate beyond the beginning of Wave A, but Wave C will fail to reach the beginning of Wave A. This is a rare case, but it has been known to happen and usually forms in strong trends.

Horizontal Triangles The horizontal triangle is a pattern that consists of five sub-waves that form a structure labeled as A-B-C-D-E. Unlike the motive wave, which also has five waves, this pattern reflects a balance of forces and travels in a sideways pattern. The sub-waves are corrective and form patterns of threes. The horizontal triangle can either be expanding, where each following sub-wave gets bigger in amplitude, or contracting, forming a wedge.

The triangles may also be categorized as symmetrical, descending, or ascending, depending on whether they seem to be pointing sideways as in the example above , or up with a flat top and rising bottoms ascending , or down with descending tops and a flat bottom.

The sub-waves may be composed of complex combinations, and not just of zigzags shown or flats. Although it may look easy in theory to spot a triangle, it may take a little practice to become familiar with them in the market. A triangle may extend by having its fifth wave also be a triangle of lesser degree. Instead of Wave E being a three-wave structure, it will be another horizontal triangle.

This just demonstrates the level of complexity that Elliott Wave Theory can reach. One thing to remember about horizontal triangles is that they always appear in the position prior to the final move of the pattern, or as the final pattern in a combination described below. This means that they will appear as Wave 4 in an impulse wave, or as Wave B in a zigzag. This one fact can help alert an analyst to a change in trend.

Correction Combinations Markets do not always form the relatively simple patterns seen above. The structure is often complex and confusing. The way Elliott Wave categorizes these structures is what is called a combination. Most of the time, the pattern will print in the direction against the main trend and is typically a counter trend formation. Zigzags are typically found in the 2nd wave of a 5 wave impulse and have a part in the formation of Elliott wave triangles.

Many times, zigzags appear somewhere within a complex correction. There are even a few instances where a zigzag will print in the direction of the larger trend. As a result, the zigzag pattern is an integral price pattern which can be found in several locations within the eight wave Elliott Wave sequence. Zigzags can print in either the bullish or bearish direction. Idealized Zigzag Zigzags look like a lightning bolt on the chart. There are 2 rules for zigzags: Also, the zigzag was designed to make progress against the trend.

There are a couple of reasons why the 2nd wave of a 5 wave impulse is typically made up of a zigzag. The first reason is because the 1st wave is the start of a new trend, the 2nd wave can be latent desires for the old trend to continue.


Market News Headlines 

1) Elliott Wave Theory: Modern Theory for 21st Century Market History. Elliott Wave Theory is named after Ralph Nelson Elliott (28 July – 15 January ). He was an American accountant and author.

In Elliott Wave theory, a zig zag is a pattern consisting of 3 waves labeled A-B-C. Most of the time, the pattern will print in the direction against the main trend and is typically a counter trend formation. This page describes the zigzag pattern of the Elliott wave principle, how price moves not in a straight line but in a series of rises and retracements. The figure to the right shows two zigzag waves. The first on the left, in blue, is an ABC correction of the prior motive wave in a bull market. 

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Labeling Wave Degrees

Identifying Elliott Wave Patterns Labeling Wave Degrees Before one can begin to identify the types of patterns Elliott discovered, and the rules that govern them, it is a good idea to first learn about the labeling of wave degrees. Elliot Wave Zigzag Pattern. One of the corrective wave patterns is the zigzag. The corrective wave pattern is constructed of three waves (A-B-C). A zigzag follows a pattern. This means Wave A is comprised of 5 sub-waves, followed by Wave B which has 3 sub-waves and concluded with Wave C that has 5 sub-waves. This pattern forms a 5/5(1).

Triple Zigzag Correction of Elliott Wave Theory Explained by Deepak Kumar Deepak Kumar | December 21, Triple Zigzag correction also known as Complex Correction or Combination Correction is a combination of three set of “abc” cycles connected by a link wave ‘x’ and it always forms a wedge pattern. elliott waveDiscover Prime Music · Shop Our Huge Selection · Stream Videos Instantly/10 (27 reviews).

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